Concept development and natural resource conservation
The King’s Concepts and The Theories. The project is due to the initiative. Also take into account the mutual consistency between development and conservation of natural resources and the environment. His insight into the nature and the natural environment about the relationship between man and nature, his ideas and theories about the cause of conservation of natural resources and the environment, whether it is a matter of forest resources and the conservation of the environment in the future. In this first part an example is enough to show that three kinds the brief of the forest. It is the concept of incorporating the needs of conservation and restoration of forest resources. Coupled with the economic and social needs, namely to prevent farmers encroach the forest. To continue to benefit three for four ; forest for the trees up , wild fruit ,forests for fuel and it will facilitate the conservation of soil and water.
"Reforestation without planting" is another example of one that reflects a deeply understood the way of nature. Given by the concept that the forest was growing up, just do not come naturally disturbed and destroyed by ignorance. If left natural they are completely themselves. This profound concept is the origin of the word. "Forest without growing"
"Check Dams" is the one of concept that originated from the immense talent of the King. That was invented as a way to create moisture in the forest with a simple and economical and effective, that is to build a small dam in accordance with the natural conditions by using natural materials that are readily available locally. There are two types of Check Dams. One is dam upstream ,for the reservoir water to flow slowly and can seep into the ground to create moisture in the area and the other type is weir trap sediment and sand, that flows into the water below the dam, the second type can moisturize and soften the skin and the water cycle is beneficial to the restoration and conservation of forests can be efficient. For example, the Centre for Development Studies Huai Hong Krai. Doi Saket Chiangmai Thailand etc.
"New Theory" due to his diligence, and the genius of the king. A simple key Not complicated concluded that held by the weighted average number of farmers Thailand assumes that there will be an area of approximately 15 acres and built according to the new theory is a paddy 5 hectares of crop farming 5 acres of residential and 2 acres. pool 3 hectares (about 4 meters deep) water capacity of approximately 19,000 cubic meters or formula 30-30-30.
In this concept, to this must mean that the criteria used to have water during the dry season, about 1,000 cubic meters per 1 hectare .Therefore, it is necessary to have a reserve water for the dry season.
The most important obstacle reservoir or pool full of water and receive water only once a year, to fill up the water and to have evaporated at 1 cm on average in a day without rain means in one year, if it does not rain for 300 days from the level of the pool is reduced by 3 meters (in this case 3/4 of 19,000 cubic meters of water used will be 4,750 cubic meters), it is necessary to add water to make enough.
Another big problem the price is relatively high investment farmers need to get help from outside (the government and private foundation), but the operation was not an extravagance for agriculture. For the process of implementation of the new theories that view. Will be discussed, especially in the second part.